In addition, over the last years, land rights defenders have become the target of a growing
harassment aiming at silencing dissenting voices likely to slow down investment projects.
In Cameroon, Nasako Besingi, Director of the NGO Struggle to Economize Future
Environment (SEFE), was attacked on August 29, 2012.
In Uganda, Gerald Kankya, Executive Director of the Twerwaneho Listeners Club (TLC),
has been the target of a particularly harsh judicial and physical harassment since the
beginning of 2015.
In Sierra Leone, the ongoing judicial harassment against several members of the Malen
Land Owners and Users Association (MALOA), illustrates the harassment which land rights
defenders are the target of in the country.
Furthermore, in several countries, human rights defenders have also been subjected to
threats and defamation campaigns.
In Angola, the increasing insecure environment in which human rights defenders operate
constitutes a direct threat to their work.
In Cameroon, threats against Maximilienne Ngo Mbe, REDHAC Executive Director and
Executive Secretary of the PRODHOP, and members of her family must be taken seriously
by authorities who should ensure their protection.
Still in Cameroon, acts of intimidation have been particularly directed against those who
defend LGBTI persons, while the investigation into the death of human rights defender Eric
Ohena Lembembe remains at a standhill.
In Libya, the assassination of Salwa Bouguiguis, human rights lawyer and women's rights
activist, on June 25, 2014 must not remain unpunished.
In Mauritania, life of Aminetou Mint El Moctar, Head of the Association des femmes chefs
de familles (AFCF) is threatened since on June 6, 2014, the leader of a Mauritanian Islamic
group “Ahbab Errassoul” launched a fatwa against her.
Last but not least, major obstacles to the right to freedom of association were also reported
on the continent, such as for instance in Angola, Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda.
In Angola, in February 2015, a draft regulation on the activities of NGOs, which is to be
adopted, contains a number of provisions that would considerably jeopardise the work of
independent NGOs.
In Kenya, the decision, on April 7, 2015, to freeze the accounts of two human rights
organisations, Haki Africa and Muslims for Human Rights (MUHURI), in the aftermath of
the terrorist attack in Garissa, comes as an unfair retaliation measure against peaceful and
legitimate human rights organisation.
In Rwanda, there is no independent human rights NGO left since July 2013, when the
Rwandan League for the promotion and defence of human rights (LIPRODHOR) was
the target of a takeover aiming its legitimate senior management.
In Uganda, a new NGO bill would grant the internal affairs minister and the National Board
for Non-governmental Organisations broad powers to supervise and dissolve all NGOs, and
would impose severe criminal penalties for violations.

Select target paragraph3